Complied by Genevieve Aningo

Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are “ a range of habitats, including the open ocean, coastal areas, intertidal zones, estuaries, and the Great Lakes. Marine Protected Areas are defined areas where human activities are restricted or managed to protect important natural or cultural resources. It also includes marine or fresh water protected areas.

Concerns regarding the effect of human activities such as overfishing, marine pollution, climate change and many other factors that have led to the degradation of marine habitat led to the establishment of MPAs, a concept that should save the marine  if embraced. 

The USS Monitor was the first of 15 marine protected areas that make up the National Marine Sanctuary System, which includes more than 600,000 square miles of marine and Great Lakes waters. Fishing and the take of marine life such as shellfish or seaweed is allowed in about half of California’s marine protected areas. Each type or kind of marine protected area has different regulations; inside state marine parks, sport fishing is encouraged, but commercial fishing is prohibited.

Sylvia Earle, world’s foremost oceanographer and diver is the proponent of this initiative. She initiated the “Hope Spots” concepts which simply are MPAs which hopefully will restore the marine habitat.

In Africa however, only 25 out of  48 countries have Marine Protected Areas .  

 

West and Central Africa (Francophone) 

S/N COUNTRY REMARK
1 BENIN  Yes
2 CONGO Yes
MALI Yes
BURKINA FASO No
5 COTE D’ IVORE/IVORY COAST  Yes
6 MAURITANIA Yes
7 CAMEROON Yes
8 DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO No
9 NIGER  No
10 CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC  Yes
11 GABON Yes
12 SENEGAL  Yes
13 CHAD Yes
14 GUINEA  No
15 TOGO Yes

 

West and Central Africa (Anglophone) 

16 CAPE VERDE No
17 GHANA No
18 NIGERIA  No
19 EQUATORIAL GUINEA No
20 GUINEA BISSAU Yes
21 SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE Yes
22 GAMBIA     

No

23 LIBERIA  No
24 SIERRA LEONE No

 

Eastern and Southern Africa sub-region

25 ANGOLA No
26 MADAGASCAR Yes
27 SOUTH SUDAN  No
28 BOTSWANA No
29 MALAWI No
30 SUDAN Yes
31 BURUNDI No
32 MAURITIUS Yes
33 SWAZILAND Yes
34 COMOROS Yes
35 MOZAMBIQUE Yes
36 UGANDA No
37 DJIBOUTI Yes
38 NAMIBIA Yes
39 UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA Yes
40 ERITREA No
41 RWANDA No
42 ZAMBIA No
43 SEYCHELLES Yes
44 ZIMBABWE No
45 KENYA Yes
46 SOMALIA Yes
47 LESOTHO No
48 SOUTH AFRICA  Yes

 

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